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    4-Year-Old Child Dies After Choking at Dallas Elementary School

4-Year-Old Child Dies After Choking at Dallas Elementary School

 A 4-year-old pre-kindergarten student  died after choking on food at Mount Auburn Elementary School.
The Dallas Independent School District said workers in the cafeteria saw and heard Manny Ramirez choking. They immediately called 911, performed the Heimlich maneuver and gave him CPR, the district said.
A nurse was able to dislodge the food from Ramirez’s throat, DISD said. At that point, he became responsive, the color returned to his face, and he started talking.
DISD said Ramirez then started to have some type of seizure and his heart stopped. Paramedics tried to revive the boy, but he died at the hospital.
The district sent a letter home to parents letting them know that the staff at the school did everything they could to save Ramirez.
“They heard him coughing, and they saw that he was in trouble, he was in distress,” DISD spokeswoman Rebecca Rodriguez said. “They came to his aid and, from that point on, they were with him every minute and they actually called for help and called the nurse, and they did what they were trained to do. We’re going to hope that parents understand, at that point, that he was never alone during this incident.”
At least one parent told NBC 5 they don’t blame the school for what happened.
“I mean, if you have small children, a lot of times they’re in a rush to get outside and go play and sometimes you have to slow them down,” said parent Elva Tapia. “There really isn’t anybody there that’s right over them. I mean, they do have monitors and teachers in the cafeteria, but I mean there’s a lot of kids there. They can’t be one on one.”
Parents also said they were glad they were told about the incident so […]

Portable Device Makes Breast Cancer Surgery More Precise

Currently, women undergoing a lumpectomy to remove a cancerous breast tumor have to wait five to seven days after their initial surgery to learn whether a second surgery is necessary. It typically takes pathologists that long to determine whether the surgeon has removed all the cancerous cells in the breast.
Now, with the use of a testing device called MarginProbe, surgical oncologists can know immediately—while the patient is still in surgery—if they’ve missed any cancerous cells.
The goal of a lumpectomy is to completely remove the cancerous tumor while preserving as much of the patient’s normal breast tissue as possible. The surgeon wants to see only healthy tissue surrounding the removed tumor. But in up to 60 percent of cases, cancerous tissue is missed and the patient has to return to the operating room.
Surgeons at UC Irvine Medical Center are the first in the country to use the MarginProbe System, a specimen testing device that can determine with 50-percent certainty whether the edges, or margins, of the removed tissue are “clean.”
Alice Police, M.D., a surgical oncologist at UC Irvine, began using MarginProbe in March.”This new technology is a game changer for early-stage breast cancer surgery, and we’re already seeing better results,” she said in an interview with Healthline.
“The nature of breast cancer cells is such that the pathologist cannot accurately assess a frozen section during surgery,” Police explained. Although the pathology testing step will still be necessary, MarginProbe reduces the need for re-operation by 56 percent, according to the results of an FDA trial.
The MarginProbe System consists of a sterile handheld probe and a portable console. When the probe tip touches a specimen of tissue removed during a lumpectomy, electromagnetic signals are transmitted into the tissue […]

Nanoparticles of Grapefruits to Treat Cancer

Researchers used nanoparticles derived from grapefruits to deliver targeted drugs to treat cancer in mice. The technique may prove to be a safe and inexpensive way to make customized therapies.
Nanoparticles are emerging as an efficient tool for drug delivery. Microscopic pouches made of synthetic lipids can serve as a carrier, or vector, to protect drug molecules within the body and deliver them to specific cells. However, these synthetic nanovectors pose obstacles including potential toxicity, environmental hazards and the cost of large-scale production. Recently, scientists have found that mammalian exosomes—tiny lipid capsules released from cells—can serve as natural nanoparticles. But making therapeutic nanovectors from mammalian cells poses various production and safety challenges.
A research team led by Dr. Huang-Ge Zhang at the University of Louisville hypothesized that exosome-like nanoparticles from inexpensive, edible plants might be used to make nanovectors to bypass these challenges. The scientists set out to isolate nanoparticles from the juice of grapefruits, grapes and tomatoes. Their work was funded in part by NIH’s National Cancer Institute (NCI) and National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM). The study appeared on May 21, 2013 in Nature Communications.
The researchers found that grapefruit juice yielded the most lipid nanoparticles. They then prepared grapefruit-derived nanovectors (GNVs) and tested them in different cell types. GNVs were taken up by a variety of cells at body temperature. These nanovectors had no significant effect on cell growth or death rates. They proved to be more stable than a synthetic nanovector and were also taken up by cells more readily.
The scientists next tested the GNVs in mice. Three days after fluorescently labeled GNVs were injected into a tail vein or body cavity, they appeared primarily in the liver, lungs, kidneys and […]

Baby rescued from toilet pipe in China

(CNN) — A newborn baby boy who was found alive inside a toilet pipe in Jinhua, China, has been released from a hospital and taken home by his maternal grandparents, police said Thursday.
The child’s mother is still being treated at the hospital, but has been cooperating with the investigation, said Xiang Jiangsong, a police official.
The police are labeling the case an “accident” at this time, and no charges have been filed against the mother.
Dramatic video of the infant’s rescue made global headlines and sparked reactions worldwide.
Unable to pull the infant out, rescuers went to the floor below and sawed away a section of pipe.
But the baby was still stuck, so both the section of pipe and the infant were taken to a hospital.
Working together, rescuers and doctors began removing the pipe, piece by piece.
CCTV video showed the exact moment hands in white gloves gingerly pulled away a part of the pipe, revealing the tiny face of a newborn.
The infant, a boy referred to as “Baby 59,” is drinking formula, doctors said.
Police said firefighters and other rescuers involved visited the baby at the hospital and sent clothes, formula powder and diapers.
The mother’s account
The mother of the infant is not being identified, but police say she is 22.
Local police say that, so far, they believe her account of how the baby ended up in the pipe.
“That day she felt stomachaches,” said Jiang Song, the vice director of police. “So she went to the toilet. It was actually close to her due date and the baby just slid out.”
Police questioned the woman, who told them that she did not intend for the child to fall into the toilet, according to a local TV channel that was posted […]

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    Teens Exposed to a Classmate’s Suicide Are at Higher Risk Themselves

Teens Exposed to a Classmate’s Suicide Are at Higher Risk Themselves

Teens who have had a classmate die by suicide—whether they were close friends or not—have an increased risk of contemplating or attempting suicide for up to two years after the event, according to new research published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
“We found that exposure to suicide predicts suicidality,” senior author Dr. Ian Colman of the University of Ottawa said in a press release. “This was true for all age groups, although exposure to suicide increased the risk most dramatically in the youngest age group.”
The Aftereffects of Student Suicides
Analyzing data from more than 22,000 children ages 12 to 17 who took part in the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, researchers found that a schoolmate’s suicide had the most profound impact on younger students.
Researchers learned that students ages 12 and 13 were five times more likely to have suicidal thoughts if a schoolmate committed suicide. Students ages 14 and 15 were three times more likely to think of their own suicide, while students ages 16 and 17 were twice as likely.
In the U.S., suicide is the third leading cause of death for teens after accidents and homicide. In this Canadian study, 24 percent of the teens surveyed had had a schoolmate commit suicide, and 20 percent personally knew someone who had died by his or her own hand.
“The idea that suicide is contagious has always been controversial for various reasons; however, this important study should put many, if not all, doubts to rest,” India Bohanna, a mental health research fellow at James Cook University in Australia, wrote in a commentary on the research. “A unified and concerted effort now needs to be directed toward developing evidence-based postvention strategies. We need to know what […]

Deadly tornado hits Oklahoma City area

Moore, Oklahoma (CNN) — Amid downed power lines, hissing gas pipes and immense devastation, rescuers searched “board by board” Tuesday for survivors and victims of a massive tornado that pulverized a vast swath of the Oklahoma City suburbs.
It was a daunting task. The Monday afternoon storm carved a trail through the area as much as two miles wide and 17 miles long, officials said. Hardest hit was Moore, Oklahoma — a suburban town of about 56,000 and the site of eerily similar twisters in 1999 and again four years later.
At a Tuesday afternoon news conference, Oklahoma Gov. Mary Fallin said the storm was one of the “most horrific storms and disasters that this state has ever faced.”
All that remained in some places, she said, were “sticks and bricks.”
The state medical examiner’s office said 24 people were confirmed dead, including nine children.
Earlier reports of at least 51 deaths were erroneous, said Amy Elliot, chief administrative officer for the Oklahoma Office of the Chief Medical Examiner.
But Fallin said the death toll could still rise. She said some bodies might have been taken to funeral homes without the government’s knowledge.
More than 230 people were injured.
At least 100 people have been pulled alive from the rubble by rescuers.
Terri Watkins, the Oklahoma Department of Emergency Management spokeswoman who described Tuesday’s search as “board by board,” said it was far too soon to account for the devastation of the storm.
“This is a massive tornado and it’s a large area that has been struck,” she said.
The scene — block after block of flattened homes and businesses, the gutted remains of a hospital and hits on two elementary schools — left even seasoned veterans of Oklahoma’s infamous tornadoes reeling.
The devastation was so […]

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    Waiter, there’s a bug in my dish: Restaurants are serving up bug-based dishes to promote health.

Waiter, there’s a bug in my dish: Restaurants are serving up bug-based dishes to promote health.

I ate bugs for lunch. This time it was on purpose.
 By some experts’ estimates, the average person inadvertently downs about one pound of insect parts a year, in foods as varied as chocolate (which can contain 60 insect components per 100 grams by law in the United States), peanut butter (30 insect parts per 100 grams) and fruit juice (up to five fruitfly eggs and one to two larvae for every 250 milliliters).
 In light of the United Nations’ recent plea for increased insect consumption, I decided to take the insects by the antennae and join the 2 billion people worldwide who deliberately make creepy, crawly creatures a part of their regular or special occasion diet.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization’s report released Monday at a press conference in Rome, the planet would be a lot better off environmentally speaking, not to mention more cheaply, safely and sustainably fed if more people incorporated locusts, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, worms, grubs and the like into their meal routines.
The big problem as the researchers see it: the ick factor. As Americans, many of us are geographically separated from the source of our food. It’s often much easier to accept lab-created, industrially-formed X-Treem Cheez-O Blasters or highly-preserved, artificially flavored, over-salted microwaveable entrees as viable snack and meal solutions, over creatures we’re conditioned to swat away, zap with garden pesticides or crush with our shoes. Frankly, I wasn’t entirely sure I could do it.
I’m an adventurous eater. I down cow heads, bull balls, and squirrel stew with great relish. But I can’t pretend I didn’t have a visceral, emotional resistance to the notion of consuming creatures I’d been conditioned to think of as dirty pests and would be unhappy […]

A Bang to the Brain: What We Know About Concussions

Your brain is your body’s command center. Its soft, sensitive tissues float in a cushioning fluid within the hard and sturdy skull. But a swift blow to the head or violent shaking can override these protections and lead to a mild type of brain injury known as a concussion.
More than 1 million mild traumatic brain injuries occur nationwide each year. These injuries can be caused by falls, car crashes or recreational activities like bike riding, skateboarding, skiing or even playing at the playground. More than half of concussions occur in children—often when playing organized sports such as football and soccer.
“Although concussions are considered to be a mild brain injury, they need to be taken seriously. They should not be treated as minor injuries that quickly resolve,” says Dr. Beth Ansel, an expert on rehabilitation research at NIH. With proper care, most people recover fully from a concussion. “But in some cases, a concussion can have a lasting effect on thinking, attention, learning and memory,” Ansel adds.
A single concussion is also known to raise your risk for having another concussion—and a second concussion may be more severe. It’s important to learn to recognize the causes and symptoms of concussion so you can take steps to prevent or treat these head injuries.
“The skull is designed to prevent most traumas to the brain, but it doesn’t really prevent the brain from moving around inside the skull,” says Dr. Frederick Rivara, a specialist in pediatric injuries and prevention at the University of Washington in Seattle. “A concussion can arise from the brain moving either rapidly back and forth or banging against the side of the skull.” This sudden movement can stretch and damage brain tissue and trigger a […]

Myriad Genetics Holds Patent on Angelina Jolie’s Genes

Actress Angelina Jolie announced yesterday in the New York Times that she underwent a preventative double mastectomy after learning she carried a genetic mutation that greatly increased her risk of developing breast cancer.
The test Jolie’s doctor used to assess her risk, however, isn’t feasible for most women. It is extremely costly because both the test and the individual genes that indicate a greater risk of breast and ovarian cancer—BRCA1 and BRCA2—are patented by the Utah-based biotech company Myriad Genetics.
In 2009, the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), and patient advocacy groups brought a lawsuit against Myriad, saying that by giving a single company the exclusive right to test for mutations on the BRCA genes, the test has been made prohibitively expensive. They say patents discourage other companies and research labs from developing a faster, cheaper, and more sensitive test for these breast cancer gene mutations.
The case has been appealed all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court, which heard arguments from both sides on April 15.
Myriad says that about seven percent of breast cancer cases and 15 percent of ovarian cancer cases are caused by mutations on the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene. According to Myriad, patients with BRCA mutations have “risks of up to 87 percent for breast cancer and up to 44 percent for ovarian cancer by age 70.” Jolie’s doctors put her risk at 87 percent for breast cancer and 50 percent for ovarian cancer.
Women whose close relatives were diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer before age 50 are often urged to undergo genetic testing for these mutations. Jolie’s mother, Marcheline Bertrand, died of breast cancer at age 56.
“It has got to be a priority to ensure that more women […]

Police, city council hope new AEDs mean more lives saved

With less than 10 minutes to save a victim from cardiac arrest, the Logansport Police Department is working to beat the clock and save lives.

The Logansport Police Department will be equipping six squad cars with new automated external defibrillators after operating with fewer, out-of-date machines for several months. With the machines, used to shock the heart and revive normal heart function, the police department hopes to have officers quickly on scene and helping the victims.
The police department originally received four AED machines in the early 2000s from the Logansport Memorial Hospital, according to Assistant Chief Carl Swan. However, one machine broke down last year and another stopped working a few months ago.
“We’ve always wanted to get more,” Swan said.
The AED machines are critical for patrolmen, Swan said, because police are often the first people on the scene in emergency situations.
“We’re mostly going to be there before the ambulance or fire truck can be there,” Swan said.
Time is essential in situations like a heart attack because the victim’s chances of survival decrease every minute without aid from a defibrillator or CPR.
“Ten minutes go by, chances are slim to none that they’ll survive,” Swan said.
In a training with officers, Swan explained that the shock from the AED actually stops the heart so that the heart is able to regain a normal rhythm or so that the police can start administering CPR.
The machines at the police department are intended for use on adults or older children, but not for young children, Swan said.
The police department received the six new AED machines, which cost a total of $12,000, after a vote by city council.
The police department routinely has six cars on the road, so they’ll have a machine […]