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Too-early solid food could lead to problems for babies

Article courtesy of Miriam Falco – CNN Medical Managing Editor
At least 40% of moms are feeding their infants solid foods far too early, according a new study published in the medical journal Pediatrics, and that may lead to problems for their children later in life.
Researchers wanted to know how many babies were being fed solid foods (including cereal and baby food) sooner than recommended, whether breast-feeding or formula feeding made a difference and why solids were being introduced early. When the study began in 2005,  the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which also publishes the journal Pediatrics, recommended introducing solid foods when babies were between 4 and 6 months old.
In 2012, the AAP changed those recommendations. Now it says babies shouldn’t be eating solid food until they are about 6 months old.
Study and findings
As part of the two-year study, 1,334 mothers filed out monthly questionnaires about what their babies ate during the last week, says Kelley Scanlon, an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and one of the study authors. Scientists then analyzed the data reported by the mothers to determine at which age babies were being fed solid food.
They found 539 moms, or 40% of moms, gave their babies solid food early. Previous studies had put that estimate at 19% and 29%. Researchers believe based on this study, they may actually be underestimating how many moms introduce solids early because the study was more likely to have older, more educated and higher income moms participating. “Mothers of lower socioeconomic status are at a higher risk of early solid food introduction,” the study says.
Giving your baby solid food too soon has been linked to a higher risk of obesity and diabetes, according […]

Can You Get In Trouble for Performing CPR?

Article courtesy of Slate News By: Molly Colin

Why do so many bystanders refuse to help someone having a heart attack?

This week, an emergency dispatcher in Bakersfield, Calif., frantically urged a caller to administer CPR to an 87-year-old female nursing home resident who wasn’t breathing. The caller, who identified herself as a nurse at the home, refused, citing the facility’s protocol against staff administering CPR. By the time emergency responders arrived, the resident had no pulse, and she died at a nearby hospital. The incident has prompted California law enforcement and the media to examine the legal and ethical implications of the nursing home’s policies. It also raises the question: Can you get in trouble for performing life-saving acts? And are you in hot water if you don’t help?

It depends on the state and country you are in. There is no one federal law governing the issue. Under the 2000 Federal Cardiac Arrest Survival Act, Congress gave immunity from civil damages to people administering CPR or an automatic external defibrillator, with exceptions in cases of gross negligence or willful misconduct. All states have Good Samaritan laws that grant some immunity protection for those performing CPR and an AED (again with restrictions) but they vary. Minnesota and Vermont require bystanders at an emergency to provide reasonable assistance, such as calling 911. Not assisting in Minnesota can land you a petty misdemeanor, and in Vermont a fine of up to $100. California, Nevada, and a few other states have contemplated amending their Good Samaritan laws to include a duty to assist. In some European countries and elsewhere, failing to help someone in need is a criminal offense.

A bystander providing CPR immediately after sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival, […]

Jerling Junior High students celebrate new life-saving skills

Article courtesy of Chicago Tribute By Ashley Rueff, Chicago Tribune reporter

First responders shared experiences with CPR, Heimlich and AEDs
Community members took turns driving home the importance of the newly acquired life-saving skills of about 200 seventh-graders at Jerling Junior High School Monday celebrating the completion of their CPR and AED training.
“After taking this CPR class, you all have an awesome gift,” said physical education teacher Maureen Zopf. “The ability to save lives.”
The students gathered in their gym for a special assembly to congratulate the students for completing an American Heart Association CPR and AED (automated external defibrillator) training program earlier this year, and to demonstrate the importance of their new skills.
Emphasizing the theme of the assembly — that it takes a village to save a life — Zopf, other school officials, police officers, firefighters and community members came to tell the students their own experiences with CPR, the Heimlich maneuver and AEDs.
Zopf explained how her experience with CPR helped her revive a man who collapsed at the gym next to her in 2009. And the school’s office secretary, Kathy Cavalier, explained how her training helped her save the life of a teacher who was choking last school year.
“Now that you’ve gone through the program, I want you to keep it up,” she told students. “You’re never going to know when you’ll need these skills.”
About four years ago, Orland School District 135 implemented a new curriculum policy that requires all junior high students to receive life-saving training, including CPR and AEDs, in their health or gym classes, said school board member Lynne Donegan.
“So far, we’ve had almost 3,000 kids trained between the three junior highs,” she said.
Alex Meixner, director of government relations for the American […]